75th anniversary of D-Day... - Page 52
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  1. #664
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    Re: 75th anniversary of D-Day...

    September 21, 1944: It’s day five of Operation Market Garden and the British XXX Corps attacks northward from Nijmegen, making limited progress due to German counterattacks and the exposed terrain. In Arnhem forces of the British 1st Airborne Division, out of ammunition, are forced out of the town but remain north of the Rhine. The rest of the 1st British Division - pinned down in a small bridgehead at Oosterbeek - are hit by continuous attacks. A Polish Parachute Brigade is dropped two miles south of the British position (on the opposite side of the river) in a vain attempt to reinforce the British paratroops, incurring heavy losses on landing. Despite the push but he Germans, Schijndel is captured by the Allies.

    German 15th Army completes withdrawal across the Scheldt to Walcheren Island and South Beveland, leaving 64th Infantry Division to hold Breskens pocket on the south shore. US 1st Army attacks around Muensterbusch, Donnerberg, and Huertgen and US 3rd Army remains heavily engaged at Metz, Luneville, Agincourt, and St Clement. US 7th Army opens attack toward Epinal and the Moselle River. French Army B holding positions around Belfort.

    In the skies above northwestern Europe, US 9th Air Force provides support to US 1st Army and 3rd Army and attacks transportation targets. US 8th Air Force utilizes 80 B-24 bombers to fly fuel to France. RAF Bomber Command sends 13 aircraft on special operations with supplies and agents for Resistance forces.

    Over Germany, US 8th Air Force attacks Mainz with 141 bombers, Koblenz with 144 bombers, and Ludwigshafen with 147 bombers.

    Heavy fighting forces the Polish 1st Army to abandon its bridgeheads in Warsaw. Allied Balkan Air Force sends five British bombers from Italian bases to drop supplies to Home Army outside Warsaw overnight.

    In Italy, troops of Greek 3rd Mountain Brigade capture Rimini, which had been evacuated by the Germans overnight, and raise a Greek flag on the balcony of the municipal building; the mayor officially surrenders the city at 07:45 in the morning. US 85th Division captured Firenzuola, while other elements of US 5th Army US 5th Army attack Forte dei Marmi, Serra, Futa pass, Torricella hill, and Marradi. Indian 4th Division withdrew from San Marino.

    Pictured: 17-pdr anti-tank gun of the 21st Anti-Tank Regiment, British Guards Armoured Division, guarding the approaches to Nijmegen Bridge, September 21, 1944.; British engineers removing German demolition charges from the bridge at Nijmegen, September 21, 1944.; No. 1 Gun (a 75mm howitzer) of 'D' Troop, 2nd Battery, 1st Airlanding Light Regiment, 1st Airborne Division in the Oosterbeek perimeter, September 21, 1944.; British 44th Royal Tank Regiment retains control of Hell's Highway in support of the American 101st Airborne Division in the village of Veghel, September 21, 1944.

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    Oderint dum metuant - Lucius Accius

  2. #665
    Senior Administrator TIDE-HSV's Avatar
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    Re: 75th anniversary of D-Day...

    Just a note on some of these Dutch names which look so impossible to pronounce. "J" just indicates the English "long I", so "Nijmegen" becomes "Nīmāgen. "Oosterbeek" is "Ōsterbāk." However, don't even try "gracht" (canal or ditch)...
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  3. #666
    BamaNation Hall of Fame Tidewater's Avatar
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    Re: 75th anniversary of D-Day...

    A bit ahead of the flow, but I was in Foy Belgium today (where 1LT Dikes was relieved on Easy Company in the middle of an attack and replaced by 1LT Speirs).
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    Apparently the Mark IV was parked at what is now the bus stop.

    American foxholes are still visible in Bois Jacques.
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    Tom Hanks (and others) have erected a monument to Easy Company, 2-506th PIR.
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    The second of those is facing the Foy-Bizory Road.

  4. #667
    BamaNation Hall of Fame Tidewater's Avatar
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    Re: 75th anniversary of D-Day...

    Unfortunately, I have to report the somebody took a pick-axe or crowbar to the monument.

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    There is no indication whether this was a simple act of vandalism or was some misguided SJW deliberately making a statement. Defacing monuments is au courant these days.
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  5. #668
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    Re: 75th anniversary of D-Day...

    Quote Originally Posted by Tidewater View Post
    There is no indication whether this was a simple act of vandalism or was some misguided SJW deliberately making a statement. Defacing monuments is au courant these days.
    I wish I could be there to witness this act - I'd shove that crowbar up their backside sideways.
    Oderint dum metuant - Lucius Accius

  6. #669
    BamaNation Hall of Fame Tidewater's Avatar
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    Re: 75th anniversary of D-Day...

    Quote Originally Posted by crimsonaudio View Post
    I wish I could be there to witness this act - I'd shove that crowbar up their backside sideways.
    Maybe a guy was cleaning his pickaxe and it went off accidentally.

  7. #670
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    Re: 75th anniversary of D-Day...

    September 22, 1944: Day six of Operation Market Garden, aka “Black Friday”. Polish paratroopers, later joined by British 43rd Division (part of British XXX Corps), attempt reach the Rhine in order to join with the British 1st Airborne Division trapped on the north bank. Bad weather prevents resupply drops to the British paratroops as their ammunition supply dwindles. As leading elements of the 43rd Division attempt to advance to Driel, the fog lifts exposing them to German fire, despite which they reach Driel during the evening. Lacking assault craft, an unsuccessful attempt is made that night to get elements of the Polish brigade across the river. British and Polish engineers on both sides of the Rhine had worked through the day to improvise a crossing using small boats linked by signals cable but the cable kept breaking forcing the Polish troops to slowly row across against the strong current. The attempt is made but the Germans are aware and launch flares, illuminating the river - only 52 soldiers of the 8th Polish Parachute Company survive the crossing before a halt was called at dawn.

    German forces launch strong attacks on the airborne corridor at Uden and Veghel that stops traffic on the road and forces British tankers to reinforce the 82nd Airborne. Elements of the British XXX Corps are able to advance to within six miles of Arnhem, but no further, as they meet heavy resistance by German forces. Elst (five miles north of Nijmegen) is liberated. Meanwhile, the German garrison in Boulogne, France surrenders to the Canadian 3rd Division (an element of 1st Canadian Army).

    Patton's 3rd Army is once again halted as supply lines are stretched to the breaking point. US 9th Army is driving toward Rhine bridges at Baerl and Duisburg while US 1st Army attacks toward the Rhine and patrol reaches the river on left flank. US 7th Army attacking around Forbach forest, Marienau, Stiring Wendel, and Birnberg hill.

    Over Germany, US 8th Air Force attacks Ulm with 282 bombers, Schwabmunchen with 69 bombers, and secondary targets and targets of opportunity with 303 bombers while more than 300 abort due to poor weather conditions. US 15th Air Force attacks rail yards. During the day, RAF Bomber Command sends 128 aircraft to attack Wanne-Eickel during the day then overnight, sends 31 aircraft to attack Berlin, 24 aircraft to attack Essen, and 28 aircraft to attack several ports.

    On the eastern front, the leading Divisions of Marshal Fedor Tolbukhin's 3rd Ukrainian Front commenced a crossing of the River Danube near Turnu Severin, Romania, meeting strong opposition from German Army alpine and German Waffen-SS troops under Field Marshal Maximilian Freiherr von Weich's command. Elements of the Soviet Leningrad Front (Govorov) capture Tallin, capital of Estonia, in the Baltics, while in Romania, Soviet forces reach Arad.

    British scientists, returning from studying a German rocket research site at Blizna, Poland, found that the crates of rocket parts collected had been switched to ordinary aircraft parts, presumably by the Soviets who wished to retain the rocket parts for their own weapons research.

    In Italy, British 8th Army attack between Lake Comacchio and the Adriatic. US 5th Army attacks around Monte Acidola, Madonna di Brasa, Monte della Croce, and Monte Grande d'Aiano. Over head, US 12th Air Force aircraft conduct heavy attacks against transportation lines, supply depots, airfields, and other targets in the Po valley, at the Brenner Pass, and elsewhere in northern Italy.

    Pictured: Major General Robert E. Urquhart of UK 1st Airborne Division planting the airborne flag outside his headquarters near Arnhem, the Netherlands, September 22, 1944.; A German assault gun awaits the British in the battle for Oosterbeek, September 22, 1944.; British tanks advance across Nijmegen bridge over the Waal on September 22, 1944.; Brigadier General A. McAuliffe, CO of Division Artillery of the 101st Airborne Division, meets with Col. Robert Sink, Commander of the 506th PIR, to coordinate the defense of Veghel, Holland. September 22, 1944.

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    Oderint dum metuant - Lucius Accius

  8. #671
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    Re: 75th anniversary of D-Day...

    September 23, 1944: Day seven of Operation Market Garden - XXX Corp artillery is now close enough to the British paratroops at Oosterbeek to provide support fire, though it’s of little help to the desperate situation inside the ever-narrowing bridgehead - the Polish paratroops and British infantry’s last attempt to reinforce Oosterbeek fails. The XXX Corp advance is stopped cold at Driel, and German counterattacks hit the airborne corridor at St. Oedenrode and Veghel, once again closing the road to traffic. The Germans also launch a successful counterattack north of Eindhoven. To the west, Canadian forces from a bridgehead and cross the Escaut canal in attacks aimed at clear German forces from the north bank of the Scheldt.

    German forces counterattack Patton’s stalled US 3rd Army’s bridgeheads over the Moselle River. US 7th Army attacks around Epinal and works to cross the Moselle River. French Army B preparing for attacks around Belfort.
    Over northwestern Europe, RAF Bomber Command sends 50 aircraft to attack Walcheren Island during the day. US 9th Air Force fighters patrol and attack targets all along the front and US 8th Air Force utilizes 100 B-24 bombers to fly fuel to France.
    Over Germany, US 15th Air Force attacks Wels during the day while overnight, RAF Bomber Command sends 549 aircraft to attack Neuss, 141 aircraft to attack Dortmund-Ems canal, 113 aircraft to attack Munster, and 8 aircraft to attack Bochum.

    On the Eastern Front, Soviet forces advance from Arad, Romania, to the Hungarian frontier while the Soviet 2nd Shock Army in Estonia reaches the Baltic Sea at Parnu. The Polish 1st Army of Soviet 1st Belorussian Front takes heavy losses around Magnuszew in an effort to relieve Warsaw.

    “Why We Fight”
    From September 19 to 22, 1944, with the perimeter of the Klooga concentration camp (Estonia) guarded by 60-70 Estonian guards and SS recruits of the 20th SS Division, a German task force began systematically slaughtering the remaining prisoners in a nearby forest. According to Soviet records, approximately 2,000 were shot, then their bodies were stacked onto wooden pyres and burned. When Soviet troops reach the Klooga camp, only 85 of the 2,400 prisoners remaining post-evacuation had managed to survive by hiding inside the camp or escaping into the surrounding forests. The liberation forces found numerous pyres of stacked corpses left unburned by the camp's guards when they fled. SS-Hauptsturmführer Hans Aumeier, a German, who was Lagerkommandant (camp commander) for all Estonia, as well as having served at Auschwitz, Dachau, and Buchenwald, was subsequently arrested and put on trial for crimes against humanity. He was sentenced to death in Kraków, Poland, and executed on December 22, 1947.

    In Italy the US 5th Army attacks clear the Futa Pass through the Appenine Mountains (part of the Gothic Line), to the north of Florence. British 8th Army crosses the Marechhia River and pushes north. US 12th Air Force aircraft attack Gothic Line positions and targets throughout northern Italy. US 15th Air Force attacks transportation lines throughout northern Italy with 229 bombers.

    Pictured: Four British paratroopers with Sten sub-machineguns moving through a shell-damaged house in Oosterbeek, the Netherlands to which they had retreated after being driven out of Arnhem on September 23, 1944.; British 1st Airborne soldiers using parachutes to signal to Allied supply aircraft from the grounds of Division HQ at the Hartenstein Hotel in Oosterbeek, Netherlands, September 23, 1944.; Paratroopers of the 101st Airborne Division move past a burning truck in the town of Veghel, Netherlands, September 23, 1944.; Paratrooper from the 101st Airborne Division examines holes in the front of British Sherman Sherman Firefly, September 23, 1944.

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    Oderint dum metuant - Lucius Accius

  9. #672
    Senior Administrator TIDE-HSV's Avatar
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    Re: 75th anniversary of D-Day...

    IDK why they would bomb Wels, Austria. There is a farm implement factory there which I guess could have been manufacturing war materiel and there was a sub-concentration camp there. I've actually spent some time there and have friends there still...
    Last edited by TIDE-HSV; September 23rd, 2019 at 10:17 AM.
    "The cure for boredom is curiosity. There is no cure for curiosity. - Ellen Parr"

    'If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?' - Steve Jobs

    “I would rather live my life as if there is a god and die to find out there isn't, than live my life as if there isn't and die to find out there is.” Albert Camus

    "When Fascism comes to America, it will be wrapped in the flag and carrying a cross." - Sinclair Lewis

  10. #673
    BamaNation Hall of Fame Tidewater's Avatar
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    Re: 75th anniversary of D-Day...

    It has always been my contention, since I read the details of the plan for Op MARKET-GARDEN, that yet another gross error was made in planning the operation.
    The operation was a race to build up combat power at the decisive point, which was the last bridge (the one over the Rhine).
    In the plan, the ground planners wanted the air guys to do two trips from England to Holland on D-Day.
    The air planners wanted to do only one trip because the pilots would be tired and more likely to make mistakes if they had to fly two trips.
    Ike weighed in and accepted the air guys' view. One trip on D-Day.
    Two problems:
    1. Two trips would have just about doubled the Allied strength across the Rhine on D-Day. The UK 52nd Infantry Division (Airland) was waiting to be ferried in once the British 1st Airborne Division secured a landing strip.
    2. The Germans were not stupid and they moved AAA into the area and got them ready to fire on D+1, etc. so flying to Arnhem became quite dangerous, cargo planes being notoriously slow and at medium altitude.

    Because of Ike's continued concern for the airmen, the entire operation failed. (Maybe it would have failed anyway, but two divisions across the Rhine would have made Model's job a lot more difficult.)

  11. #674
    BamaNation Hall of Fame Tidewater's Avatar
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    Re: 75th anniversary of D-Day...

    One more thing. After a stunning success through the month of August and early September, I think the Allies were becoming more than a little cocky. They believed the Germans were done.
    Well, even if the Allies did succeed in getting the bridge at Arnhem, how would the Germans have reacted? They would have know that this ws a serious threat and they would have thrown everything they had at that salient.
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    As it was the Germans threw the II Parachute Corps and the II SS Panzer Corps at the salient and that was enough to give the Allies fits. If the Allies had taken the Arnhem bridge, the Germans would probably have thrown a lot more at that salient and it would have gotten really sporty.

    Kind of like (and again I'm getting ahead of the narrative here), even if the Germans had succeeded in taken Antwerp in December 1944, what would the Allies have done? They would have spared no expense on blood and treasure to break the German encirclement, because losing the war would have been the alternative.

    Clausewitz posited the concept of "culmination," the point at which the attacker loses his comparative advantage over the defender and can no longer continue the attack. The attacker has to stop and recock at that point, go over to the defensive, rebuild supply lines, recoup losses, etc. The Allies reached that point on 23 September 1944.

  12. #675
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    Re: 75th anniversary of D-Day...

    September 24, 1944: It’s Sunday - day eight of Operation Market Garden. British XXX Corps (part of the British 2nd Army) reach the south bank of the Rhine to the west of Arnhem, while other elements of British XXX Corps enter Germany southwest of Nijmegen. The troops of the British 1st Airborne Division continue to resist on the north bank despite shortages of both food and ammunition. XXX Corp artillery is now close enough to the British paratroops at Oosterbeek to provide support fire, but is unable to end the desperation inside the ever-narrowing bridgehead. German counterattacks hit the airborne corridor at St. Oedenrode and Veghel, once again closing the road to traffic. Polish paratroops and British infantry make a last attempt to reinforce Oosterbeek but fail.

    The Germans seal off US Third Army's bridgeheads across the Moselle River, south of Aachen, Germany. US 1st Army remains on the defensive just north of Aachen. US 7th Army attacks Girmont, St Die, and St Amer while continuing to clear enemy units from Epinal.

    Over northwestern Europe, US 9th Air Force fighters patrol and attack targets all along the front. RAF Bomber Command sends 188 aircraft to attack Calais, but only 126 bomb due to weather conditions, with 8 lost to AA fire. US 8th Air Force utilizes 41 B-24 bombers to fly fuel to France.

    On the eastern front, elements of German 18th Army withdrawing to Moonzund Islands off the coast of Estonia. German 8th Army and Hungarian 2nd Army offensive comes to a halt around Cluj.

    In Italy, British 8th Corps liberate Marradi as part of the continued push against the German Gothic Line, attacking around Montebello, Poggio Berni, and Camerano. US 5th Army attacking around San Ippolito, Monte Coroncina, Covigliano, Palazzuolo, and Marradi. US 12th Air Force aircraft attack Gothic Line positions in support of Allied ground forces.

    Pictured: The haystack at right would have softened the landing for this paratrooper who took a tumble during operations in Holland by the 1st Allied Airborne Army on September 24, 1944.; A Sherman tank and infantry of 11th Armored Division cross a canal at Someren in The Netherlands, September 24, 1944.; The casualties mount inside Oosterbeek: A paratrooper takes cover as a jeep burns during a German mortar attack on 1st Airborne Division's HQ at the Hartenstein Hotel in Oosterbeek, September 24, 1944.; German reinforcements arrive in the Oosterbeek area, September 24, 1944.

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    Oderint dum metuant - Lucius Accius

  13. #676
    BamaNation All-SEC
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    Re: 75th anniversary of D-Day...

    Found a couple of recent videos done by a Brit on Operation Market Garden. Each has some interesting footage shot last year in the exact locations where the battles took place.

    The first is the Battle of Nuenen which was depicted in the series Band of Brothers.



    The second is the Ambush of The Irish Guards on 17 September as they advanced toward Arnhem to relieve the airborne troops there.


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